Campaign, Expeditionary & Service Medals
Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
For the deployment abroad for 30 days or more in support of Global War on Terrorism operations on or after 11 September 2001. Recognizes service in Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. Members of the U.S. armed forces and Coast Guard are eligible for the medals to include Reserve and National Guard activated to support approved operations. Civilians, foreign nationals and foreign military are not eligible. National Stock Number (NSN) for this medal is 8455-01-506-7144.

    The Senate voted 98-0 for a bill H.R. 3104 that the House passed on 30 March 2004 (423-0) to authorize separate medals for participation in Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom. The President signed it into Public Law 108-234 on 28 May 2004. Members of the armed forces who participate in Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom are now eligible to receive these medals. [Source: NAUS Update 21 May & 4 June 04]

GWOT MEDAL UPDATE 02 [Source: VFW Magazine AUG 04]:

    The GWOT Expeditionary Medal is designed for service members who deploy to fight. It is currently under legal review at DoD and then it must receive formal approval and guidance to the services by Deputy
Secretary of Defense. When completed the services will be authorized to
issue the medals. The Pentagon in June released the following list of
specific qualifying areas:

1. LAND AREAS: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bulgaria, Crete, Cyprus, Diego Garcia, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Qatar, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey (East of 35 degrees east longitude), Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, and Yemen. In January 2009 the Air Force announced that Morocco and Burkina Faso – and Operation Nomad Shadow, with an initial AOE of Turkey and Northern Iraq were added to the list of eligible countries.

2. OFFSHORE: Arabian Sea (north of 10 degrees north latitude and west of 68 degrees east longitude), Bab el Mandeb Strait, Gulf of Aden, Gulf of Aqaba, Gulf of Oman, Gulf of Suez, Mediterranean Sea (east of 28 degrees east longitude), Persian Gulf, Red Sea, Strait of Hormuz, and Suez Canal.

Military personnel records will not be updated until this fall regarding
eligibility. Vets must have served 30 consecutive days or 60
non-consecutive days in the above areas. Proof of service can consist of
travel orders, letters of evaluation, or flight logs. Eligibility for the award meets the Veteran of Foreign Wars criteria for membership.

Note: Also see Global War on Terrorism Service Medal.

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Global War on Terrorism Service Medal
For service for 30 days or more in support of the Global War on Terrorism in the US or overseas on or after 11 September 2001. Recognizes duty in Operation Noble Eagle, the homeland defense mission against further terror attacks, as well as duty in support of Operation Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom performed in areas that don't qualify for the Expeditionary Medal. Only one medal is authorized no matter how many deployments. Members of the U.S. armed forces and Coast Guard are eligible for the medals to include Reserve and National Guard activated to support approved operations. Civilians, foreign nationals and foreign military are not eligible. National Stock Number (NSN) for this medal is 8455-01-506-7170

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Kosovo Campaign Medal (Est 2000)

March 24, 1999 to June 10, 1999 - or in ongoing Kosovo peacekeeping operations.
Criteria: This medal is awarded for service in Kosovo, former Yugoslavia during the above period. Established by President Clinton on May 3, 2000, to recognize service in the US-led Kosovo war. It may be awarded more than once to troops who took part in multiple missions.

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Southwest Asia Service Medal

  Awarded for the 1991 Gulf War. Eligibility period Aug. 2, 1990 to Nov. 30 1995.
  Established by executive order March 12, 1991. Three separate campaigns are recognized: the defense of Saudi Arabia, the liberation of Kuwait and enforcing the cease-fire agreement through Nov. 30, 1995 and service members can be awarded the medal up to three times.
  Must have served in support of Operation Desert Shield or Desert Storm, in one or more of the following areas, between 2 August 1990 and 30 November 1995: Persian Gulf, Red Sea, Gulf of Oman, Gulf of Aden, that portion of the Arabian Sea that lies north of 10 degrees North latitude and west of 68 degrees East longitude, as well as the total land areas of Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. Individuals serving in Israel, Egypt, Turkey, Syria and Jordan (including the airspace and territorial waters) directly supporting combat
operations between 17 January 1991 and 11 April 1991 are also eligible for this award.
  To be eligible for the award, a service member must be: attached to or regularly serving for one or more days with an organization participating in ground/shore military operations; attached to or regularly serving for one or more days aboard a naval vessel directly supporting military operations;
actually participating as a crew member in one or more aerial flights directly supporting military operations in the areas designated; or serving on temporary duty for 30 consecutive days or 60 nonconsecutive days, except, if a waiver is authorized for personnel participating in actual combat.

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Korean Defense Service Medal

    Implementing instructions for eligibility and award of this medal were released on February 3, 2004. In order of precedence, the KDSM will be worn below the Global War on Terrorism Service Medal (GWOTSM) and above the Armed Forces Service Medal (AFSM).
    Servicemembers currently on active duty who are eligible for the medal will have their Personnel Qualification Records updated and will be awarded the medal through their command channels. The medals, NSN 8455-01-512-7138, will be available through normal supply channels by May 2004.
    Requests for award of the KDSM to veterans, retirees, or their next of kin should be submitted to the National Personnel Records Center (NPRC), www.archives.gov, in St. Louis, MO. NPRC's address is:
National Personnel Records Center
9700 Page Avenue
St. Louis, MO 63132-5100
    Requests must include documents supporting service in Korea from 28 July 1954 to a date to be determined. NPRC will add the KDSM to the DD Form 214 by issuing a DD Form 215 (Correction to DD Form
214, Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty).
    Current members of the Army Reserve and National Guard should contact their current records custodian to have their records updated.
    County Veterans' Service Officers can assist veterans in obtaining this medal. Points of contact to CVSOs for further information are Ms. Harris (703) 325-4761 and SSG Mizner at (703) 325-9171.
    Members of the armed forces authorized the KDSM must have served in support of the defense of the Republic of Korea. The area of eligibility encompasses all land area of the Republic of Korea, and the contiguous water out to 12 nautical miles, and all air spaces above the land and water areas.
    The KDSM period of eligibility is July 28, 1954, to a future date to be determined by the secretary of defense. Servicemembers must have been assigned, attached, or mobilized to units operating in the area of eligibility and have been physically deployed in the area of eligibility for
30 consecutive or 60 non-consecutive days or meet one of the               following criteria:
    1. Be engaged in actual combat during an armed engagement, regardless of the time in the area of eligibility.
    2. Is wounded or injured in the line of duty and requires medical evacuation from the area of eligibility.
    3. While participating as a regularly assigned air crewmember flying sorties into, out of, within, or over the area of eligibility in support of military operations. Each day that one or more sorties are flown in accordance with these criteria shall count as one day toward the 30 or 60-day requirement.
    4. Personnel who serve in operations and exercises conducted in the area of eligibility are considered eligible for the award as long as the basic time criteria is met. Due to the extensive time period for KDSM eligibility, the nonconsecutive service period for eligibility remains            cumulative throughout the entire period.
  The KDSM may be awarded posthumously, and only one award of the KDSM is authorized for any individual.
  Each military department will prescribe appropriate regulations for administrative processing, awarding and wearing of the KDSM and ribbon for their servicemembers.

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Antarctica Service Medal

Established by Congress in 1960 for military members and civilians, such as scientists, who have supported U.S. government programs in the Antarctic since Jan. 1, 1946. The medal most commonly goes to aircrews and Navy personnel.

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Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal

Established by President Kennedy in 1961 for operations on or after Jul. 1, 1958, to recognize service in peacekeeping and peace enforcement missions. The Joints Chiefs of Staff have authorized 22 missions for this medal, including  operations in Somalia and Bosnia and actions  against Iraq in the late 1990s. Multiple awards are allowed. This medal is awarded only for operations for which no other U.S. campaign medal is approved.

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Armed Forces Service Medal

Established in 1996, eligibility requirements include:
(1) Service as a member of a unit participating for one or more days in the operation with the designated area of eligibility, or- -
(2) Be engaged in direct support for 30 consecutive days in the area of eligibility (or for the full period when an operation is less than 30 days duration) or for 60 nonconsecutive days provided this support involves entering the area of eligibility, or- -
(3) Participate as a regularly assigned crewmember of an aircraft flying into, out of, within, or over the area of eligibility in support of the operation.
d. The Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS), has approved award of the Armed Forces Service Medal to US Military personnel as follows: (1) In operations relating to the former Republic of Yugoslavia from 1 June 1992 to a future date. This area includes military forces deployed in
operations Provide Promise, Joint Endeavor, Able Sentry, Deny Flight, Maritime Monitor, Sharp Guard and Joint Guard within the total land and air space of the former Republic of Yugoslavia, the country of Italy (including Sicily); and the waters and air space above that portion of the Adriatic Sea that lies north of forty degrees North latitude; (2) In operations: United Nations Missions in Haiti (UNMIH); US Forces Haiti (USFORHAITI) and US Support Group-Haiti (USSPTGP-Haiti)
from 1 April 1995 to a date to be determined.

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Thanks goes to The Army Times, September 1, 2003 for its article on this subject by staff writers Vince Crawley, C. Mark Brinkley and Gina Cavallaro.
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Service Medals
Kuwait Liberation Medal (Saudi)

Members of the Armed Forces of the United States must have served in support of Operation Desert Storm between 17 January 1991 and 28 February 1991 in one of the following areas: Persian Gulf; Red Sea; Gulf of Oman; that portion of the Arabian Sea that lies north of 10 degrees North latitude and west of 68 degrees East longitude; the Gulf of Aden; or
the total land areas of Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates.
b. To be eligible, a Service member must have been:
(1) attached to or regularly serving for one or more days with an organization participating in ground/shore operations;
(2) attached to or regularly serving for one or more days aboard a naval vessel directly supporting military operations.
(3) actually participating as a crew member in one or more aerial flights supporting military operations in the areas designated above; or
(4) serving on temporary duty for 30 consecutive days during this period. This time limitation may be waived for people participating in actual combat operations.

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Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait)

Awarded to members of the Armed Forces of the United States who served in support of Operation Desert Shield or Desert Storm in one or more of the following areas between 2 August 1990 and 31 August 1993: Arabian Gulf, Red Sea, Gulf of Oman, Gulf of Aden, that portion of the Arabian Sea that lies north of 10 degrees North latitude and west of 68
degrees East longitude, as well as the total land areas of Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. To be eligible, a service member must have been:
(1) attached to or regularly serving for one or more days with an organization participating in ground/shore (military) operations;
(2) attached to or regularly serving for one or more days aboard a naval vessel directly supporting military operations;
(3) actually participating as a crew member in one or more aerial flights directly supporting military operations in the areas designated above;
(4) serving on temporary duty for 30 consecutive days or 60 nonconsecutive days. These time limitations may be waived for members participating in actual combat operations.

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The Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal

Awarded to personnel who meet one of the following requirements:
a. Served in the Republic of Vietnam for six months during the period of 1 March 1961 and 28 March 1973.
b. Served outside the geographical limits of the Republic of Vietnam and contributed direct combat support to the Republic of Vietnam and Armed Forces for six months. Such individuals must meet the criteria established for the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal (for Vietnam) or the Vietnam
Service Medal, to qualify for the Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal.
c. Six months service is not required for individuals who were wounded by hostile forces; killed in action or otherwise in line of duty; or captured by hostile forces.

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The European-African-Middle Eastern (EAME) Campaign Medal

Awarded to personnel for service within the European-African-Middle Eastern Theater between 7 December 1941 and 8 November 1945 under any of the following conditions:
(1) On permanent assignment.
(2) In a passenger status or on temporary duty for 30 consecutive days or 60 days not consecutive.
(3) In active combat against the enemy and was awarded a combat decoration or furnished a certificate by the commanding general of a corps, higher unit, or independent force that he actually
participated in combat.
The EAME Theater included Europe, European Russia, Greenland, Iceland, Africa, Iran, Iraq, and Turkey.

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The Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal

Awarded to personnel for service within the Asiatic-Pacific Theater between 7 December 1941 and 2 March 1946 under any of the following
conditions:
(1) On permanent assignment.
(2) In a passenger status or on temporary duty for 30 consecutive days or 60 days not consecutive.
(3) In active combat against the enemy and was awarded a combat decoration or furnished a certificate by the commanding general of a corps, higher unit, or independent force that he actually participated in combat.
  The Asiatic-Pacific Theater included Alaska, Hawaii, Philippines, Australia, New Zealand, and all of Asia.

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The American Campaign Medal

Awarded to personnel for service within the American Theater between 7 December 1941 and 2 March 1946 under any of the following conditions.
(1) On permanent assignment outside the continental limits of the United States.
(2) Permanently assigned as a member of a crew of a vessel sailing ocean waters for a period of 30 days or 60 nonconsecutive days.
(3) Permanently assigned as a member of an operating crew of an airplane actually making regular and frequent flights over ocean waters for a period of 30 days.
(4) Outside the continental limits of the United States in a passenger status or on temporary duty for 30 consecutive days or 60 days not consecutive.
(5) In active combat against the enemy and was awarded a combat decoration or furnished a certificate by the commanding general of a corps, higher unit, or independent force that he actually participated in combat.
(6) Within the continental limits of the United States for an aggregate period of one year.
    The American Theater included North America (excluding Alaska) and South America.

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China Campaign Medal

Awarded for service ashore in China with the Peking Relief Expedition between June 20, 1900 and May 27, 1901.

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The Philippine Campaign Medal

Awarded for service in the Philippine Islands under any of the conditions indicated in AR 600-8-22. The total inclusive period during which the medal was authorized is February 4, 1899 through December 31, 1913.

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Spanish Campaign Medal

a. The medal was authorized 11 January 1905.
b. It was awarded by Congress to officers and enlisted personnel of the United States Army who served ashore on the island of Cuba between 11 May 1898 and 17 July 1898; in the island of Puerto Rico between 24 July 1898 and 13 August 1898; in the Philippine Islands between 30 June 1898
and 16 August 1898; or en route thereto on the high seas, during 1898.

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The Indian Campaign Medal

Awarded for service in any of the following campaigns:
a. Southern Oregon, Idaho, Northern California, and Nevada between 1865 and 1868.
b. Against the Comanches and confederate tribes in Kansas, Colorado, Texas, New Mexico, and Indian Territory between 1867 and 1875.
c. Modoc War between 1872 and 1873.
d. Against the Apaches in Arizona in 1873.
e. Against Northern Cheyenne and Sioux between 1876 and 1877.
f. Nez Perce War in 1877.
g. Bannock War in 1878.
h. Against the Northern Cheyenne between 1878 and 1879.
i. Against the Sheep-Eaters, Paiutes, Bannocks between June and October 1879.
j. Against the Utes in Colorado and Utah between September 1879 and November 1880.
k. Against the Apaches in Arizona and New Mexico between 1885 and 1886.
l. Against the Sioux in South Dakota between November 1890 and January 1891.
m. Against hostile Indians in any other action in which United States troops were killed or wounded between 1865 and 1891.

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Civil War Campaign Medal

Service between 15 April 1861 and 9 April 1865, or in Texas between 15 April 1861 and 20 August 1866.

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Vietnam Service Medal

  Awarded to all members of the Armed Forces of the United States serving in Vietnam and contiguous waters or airspace thereover, after 3 July 1965 through 28 March 1973 and to members of Operation Frequent Wind arising from the evacuation of Vietnam on April 29 and 30, 1975.
  Members of the Armed Forces of the United States in Thailand, Laos, or Cambodia, or the airspace thereover, during the same period and serving in direct support of operations in Vietnam are also eligible for this award.      To be eligible for award of the medal, individual must- -
(1) Be attached to or regularly serve for one or more days with an organization participating in or directly supporting military operations; or
(2) Be attached to or regularly serve for one or more days aboard a naval vessel directly supporting military operations; or
(3) Actually participate as a crewmember in one or more aerial flights into airspace above Vietnam and contiguous waters directly supporting military operations; or
(4) Serve on temporary duty for 30 consecutive days or 60 nonconsecutive days in Vietnam or contiguous areas, except that the time limit may be waived for personnel participating in actual
combat operations.
(5) Be a member or former member of the Armed Forces who was awarded the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal for participation in military operations designated as Operation Frequent Wind arising from
the evacuation of Vietnam on April 29 and 30, 1975.
  Individuals qualified for the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal for service in Vietnam between 1 July 1958 and 3 July 1965 or April 29 and 30, 1975 shall remain qualified for the medal. Upon request, the individual may be awarded the Vietnam Service Medal in lieu of the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal. In such instances, the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal will be deleted from the list of authorized medals in the individual's personnel records. No person shall be entitled to both awards for Vietnam Service.

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The Korea Service Medal

  Awarded for service between 27 June 1950 and 27 July 1954 under and of the following conditions:
a. Within the territorial limits of Korea in waters immediately adjacent thereto: or
b. With a unit under the operational control of the Commander-in-Chief, Far East, other than those units within the territorial limits of Korea, which has been designated by the Commander-in-Chief, Far East, as having directly supported the military efforts in Korea; or
c. Was furnished an individual certificate by the Commander-in-Chief, Far East, testifying to material contribution made in direct support of the military efforts in Korea.

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The American Defense Service Medal (Pre-WWII)

Awarded to personnel for active duty service from 8 September 1939 to 7 December 1941 for a period of twelve months or longer.

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The Mexican Border Service Medal

Awarded for service on the Mexican border between May 9, 1916 and March 24, 1917 or with the Mexican Border Patrol between January 1, 1916 and April 6, 1917. It was authorized for persons not eligible for the Mexican Service Medal.

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The Mexican Service Medal

Awarded for service in any of the following expeditions or engagements:
a. Vera Cruz Expedition between 24 Apr 1914 and 26 Nov 1914.
b. Punitive Expedition between 14 Mar 1916 and 7 Feb 1917.
c. Buena Vista, Mexico on 1 Dec 1917.
d. San Bernardino Canon, Mexico on 26 Dec 1917.
e. Le Grulla, Texas on 8 and 9 Jan 1918.
f. Pilares, Mexico on 28 Mar 1918.
g. Nogales, Arizona during 1-5 Nov 1915 or 27 Aug 1918.
h. El Paso, Texas, and Juarez, Mexico on 15 and 16 Jun 1919.
i. Any action against hostile Mexicans in which US troops were killed or wounded between 12 Apr 1911 and 7 Feb 1917

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Campaign Medals

Afghanistan Campaign
American Campaign
Asiatic-Pacific Campign
China Campaign
Civil War Campaign
European-African-Middle
         Eastern Campaign
Indian Campaign
Iraqi Campaign
Kosovo Campaign
Kuwait Liberation (Saudi)
Kuwait Liberation (Kuwait)
Philippine Campaign
Spanish Campaign
Vietnam Campaign, Republic of
Expeditionary Medals

Armed Forces Expeditionary
Global War on Terrorism
Marine Expeditionary Medal
Navy Expeditionary Medal
Service Medals (SM)

American Defense SM
Antartica SM
Armed Forces SM
Global War on Terrorism
Korea SM
Korean Defense SM
Mexican Border SM
Mexican Service Medal
National Defense SM
Southwest Asia SM
Vietnam Service Medal
The National Defense Service Medal

  Awarded for honorable active service for any period between 27 June 1950 and 27 July 1954, between 1 January 1961 and 14 August 1974, and between 2 August 1990 and 30 November 1995, 11 Sep 2001 to Date to be Announced.
  NOTE: On 28 March 2003, the president signed an amendment to  Executive Order 10448 that extends the eligibility criteria for this medal to members of the Selected Reserve of the Armed Forces of the United States in good standing during the period beginning 11 September 2001 and a date to be determined.
  Effective immediately, commander are authorized to award the NDSM to qualified personnel based upon the extended criteria using this message (DTG  MAY 03, FROM: CDRPERSCOM ALEXANDRIA VA//TAPC-PDO-PA, TO:  AIG 7406, INFO:  ARSTAF, UNCLASSIFIED, SUBJECT:  Extended criteria for the National Defense Service Medal) as the authority. Permanent Orders are not required.
  Unit commanders are responsible for the original issue of medals. For requisition purposes the National Stock Number for the NDSM is 8455-00-281-3214.
  For the purpose of the award, the following persons will not be considered as performing active service:
       (1) Guard and Reserve forces personnel on short tours of duty to fulfill training obligations under an inactive duty training program.
       (2) Any person on active duty for the sole purpose of undergoing a physical examination.
       (3) Any person on temporary active duty to serve on boards, courts, commissions and like organizations or on active duty for purposes other than extended active duty.
   b. The National Defense Service Medal may be awarded to members of the Reserve Components who are ordered to Federal active duty, regardless of duration, except for the categories listed above. Any member of the Guard or Reserve who, after 31 December 1960, becomes eligible for the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal, Vietnam Service Medal or the Southwest Asia Service Medal is also eligible for the National Defense Service Medal.
  Subsequent awards are designated by bronze service stars.

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Air Force Meritorious Unit Award (MUA)

    In March 2004, SECAF approved the Meritorious Unit Award (mua) to recognize organizations for outstanding achievement or service in direct support of combat operations.
    Awarded to Air Force active duty, reserve, and guard units for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding achievement or service in direct support of combat operations for at least 90 continous days during the period of military operations against an armed enemy of the United States on or after 11 september 2001. The unit must display such outstanding devotion and superior performance of exceptionally difficult tasks as to set it apart and above other units with similar missions. The degree of achievement required is the same as that which would warrant award of the Legion of Merit (LOM). Superior performance of normal mission will not alone justify award of the MUA. Service in a combat zone is not required, but service must be directly related to the combat effort. Squadrons, groups, and wings may be recommended for this award. The MUA is not awarded to any unit or unit component previously awarded the air force outstanding unit award (afoua), the air force organizational excellence award (afoea) or unit awards from other service components for the same act, achievement, or service.
  Wear: the GUC ribbon shall be worn immediately before the Joint Meritorious Unit Award (JMUA). The MUA ribbon shall be worn immediately before the Air Force Outstanding Unit Award (AFOUA). Subsequent awards will be denoted by oak leaf clusters.
    Availability: the MUA ribbon is expected to be available through AF supply channels in late fall 2004; however, if desired, members may purchase, when available, the ribbons at their own expense through AAFES.


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New Air Force Unit Medals
Meritorious Unit Award
Gallant Unit Citation
Expeditionary Service Ribbon
Expeditionary Service Ribbon w/Gold Border
Afghanistan Campaign Medal
    The Afghanistan Campaign Medal (AFGM) approved by the President per Public Law 108-234, 28 May 2004 and Executive Order 13363 29 November 2004, to recognize service members who serve or have served in the country of Afghanistan in direct support of Operation ENDURING FREEDOM (OEF).
    The area of eligibility encompasses all land area of the country of Afghanistan and all air spaces above the land. The period of eligibility is on or after 24 October 2001 to a Date to Be Determined (DTBD) by the Secretary of Defense or the cessation of OEF.
    Service members qualified for the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal (GWOT-E) by reasons of service between 24 October 2001 to 30 April 2005, in the area for which the AFGM was subsequently authorized, shall remain qualified for that medal. Upon application, any such Service Member may be awarded the AFGM in lieu of the GWOT-E for such service.
    No Service Member shall be entitled to both medals for the same action, achievement, or period of service. Service Members serving in the qualifying area of eligiblity (AOE) for which the AFGM was subsequently authorized are no longer qualified to receive the GWOT-E after 30 April 2005.
    Service Members must have been assigned, attached, or mobilized to units operating in the area of eligibility for 30 consecutive days or 60 non-consecutive days (SEE NOTE BELOW) or meet one of the following criteria:
•  1. Be engaged in combat during an armed engagement, regardless of the time in the AOE.
•  2. While participating in an operation or on official duties, is wounded or injured and requires medical evacuation from the area of eligibility.
(NOTE: While participating as a regularly assigned aircrew member flying sorties into, out of, within or over the AOE in direct support of the military operation, each day of operations count as one day of eligibility.)
The AFGM may be awarded posthumously. Only one award of the AFGM may be authorized for any individual. Service stars are not authorized at this time. The AFGM shall be positioned below the Kosovo Campaign Medal and above the Iraq Campaign Medal. Updated 21 June 2005.


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Iraqi Campaign Medal
    The Iraq Campaign Medal (ICM) is authorized by the President of the United States by Public Law 108-234 and Executive Order 13363, 29 November 2004. Individuals authorized the ICM must have served in direct support of Operation IRAQI FREEDOM (OIF).
    The area of eligiblity (AOE) for the ICM encompasses all land area of the country of Iraq, the contiguous water area out to 12 nautical miles, and all air spaces above the land area of Iraq and above the contiguous water area out to 12 nautical miles. The ICM period of eligiblity is on or after 19 March 2003 to a future date to be determined by the Secretary of Defense or the cessation of OIF.
    Service Members who qualified for the GWOT-E by reasons of service between 19 March 2003 to 30 April 2005, in an area for which the ICM was subsequently authorized, shall remain qualified for that medal. Upon application, any such Service Member may be awarded the ICM in lieu of the GWOT-E for such service.
    No Service Member shall be entitled to both medals for the same action, achievement, or period of service. Service Members serving in the qualifying area of eligibility for which the ICM was subsequently authorized are no longer qualified to receive the GWOT-E after 30 April 2005.
    Service Members must have been assigned attached, or mobilized to units operating in the AOE for 30 consecutive days or 60 non-consecutive days (see note below) or meet one of the following criteria:
•  1. Be engaged in combat during an armed engagement, regardless of the time in the AOE.
•  2. While participating in an operation or on official duties, is wounded or injured and requires medical evacuation from the AOE.
NOTE: While participating as a regularly assigned aircrew member flying sorties into, out of, within or over the AOE in direct support of the military operation, each day of operations counts as one day of eligibility.
The ICM may be awarded posthumously. Only one award of this medal may be authorized for any individual. Service Stars are not authorized at this time. The ICM shall be positioned below the Afghanistan Campaign Medal (AFGM) and above the GWOT-E. Under no circumstances shall personnel or units receive the ICM, GWOT-E, AFGM, Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal, or Global War on Terrorism Service Medal for the same action, or period of service. Updated 21 June 2005


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Marine Expeditionary Medal

Awarded to Marine Corps personnel who land on foreign territory, engage in operations against armed opposition, or who operate under circumstances deemed to merit special recopgnition and for which no campaign medal has been awarded. For authorized expeditions, go to: http://www.history.navy.mil/medals/nem.htm

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Navy Expeditionary Medal

Authorized on August 15, 1936, and awarded to officers and enlisted men for service in expeditions and circumstances meriting special recognition for which no other medal is awarded. For authorized expeditions, go to: http://www.history.navy.mil/medals/nem.htm

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New Combat Action Badge
Army Combat Action Badge (CAB)
Design approved May 27, 2005.
    The CAB, featuring both a bayonet and grenade, may be awarded to any Soldier performing assigned duties in an area where hostile fire pay or imminent danger pay is authorized, who is personally present and actively engaging or being engaged by the enemy, and performing satisfactorily in accordance with the prescribed rules of engagement.   Award is not limited by one's branch or military occupational specialty.
    "Warfare is still a human endeavor," said Gen. Peter J. Schoomaker, Army chief of staff. "Our intent is to recognize Soldiers who demonstrate and live the Warrior Ethos."
    "The Global War on Terrorism and its associated operations will be the first era of conflict considered for this award," said Lt. Col. Bill Johnson, Human Resources Command chief of military awards.   He added:   "September 18, 2001, is the effective date for the new award.   That is when President Bush signed Senate Joint Resolution 23, authorizing the use of military force against those responsible for the recent attacks launched against the United States."
    The CAB will go into immediate production and should be available late this summer or early fall through unit supply and military clothing sales stores.
    For more information, contact Maj. Elizabeth Robbins, Army Public Affairs, at (703) 697-5343, elizabeth.robbins@hqda.army.mil or Lt. Col. Pamela Hart, at (703) 693-5662, pamela.hart@hqda.army.mil .
    Source: U.S. Army Badges, The Institute of Heraldry (TIOH) Homepage, http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/badges/UnitedStatesArmyBadges.htm .
Air Force Gallant Unit Citation (GUC)

  In march 2004, SECAF approved the Gallant Unit Citation (GUC) to recognize organizations for outstanding heroism in combat.
  Awarded to Air Force active duty, reserve, and guard units for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy of the United States while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force on or after 11 September 2001. The GUC requires a lesser degree of gallantry, determination and esprit de corps than that required for the Presidential Unit Citation (PUC). Nevertheless, the unit must have performed with marked distincition under difficult and hazardous conditions in accomplishing its mission so as to set it apart from and above other units participating in the same conflict. The degree of heroism required is the same as that which would warrant award of the Silver Star which is awarded for gallantry and heroism of high degrees, including risk of life in action. The GUC award will normally be earned by units that have participated in single or successive actions covering relatively brief time spans. Only on rare occasions will a unit larger than a group qualify for GUC. Although units larger than a group may submit, it will be extremely rare that a large organization will receive the GUC due to the degree of valor required. Extended periods of combat duty or particopation in a large number of operational missions, either air or ground, is not sufficient.
  Wear: the GUC ribbon shall be worn immediately before the Joint Meritorious Unit Award (JMUA). Subsequent awards will be denoted by oak leaf clusters.
  Availability: the GUC ribbon is expected to be available through AF supply channels in late fall 2004; however, if desired, members may purchase, when available, the ribbons at their own expense through AAFES.

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Air Force Expeditionary Service Ribbon (AFESR)

  On 18 June 03, the SECAF approved the Air Force Expeditionary Service Ribbon (AFESR) as recognition for deployed status. The AFESR is awarded to Air Force active duty, reserve, and guard personnel who complete a contingency deployment after 1 october 1999. Deployed status is defined as either deployment on contingency, exercise, deployment (CED) orders or members sourced in direct support (in-theater or out) of expeditionary operations with an overnight away from home station. To quality for the AFESR, individuals must have deployed for 45 consecutive days or 90 nonconsecutive days on a deployed status. Any contingency deployment qualifies,(overseas or stateside) regardless of the duty, destination,or location of the TDY. There is no time limit to accumulate the 90 nonconsecutive days. (for example: members keep accumulating contingency TDY days until they reach 90 days). Permanent party overseas personnel are not eligible for the AFESR unless they are forward deployed on a contingency deployment. Members on an overseas short tour may receive both the AFESR and the Overseas Short Tour Ribbon, provided they meet the requirements of both.
  The AFESR shall be worn between the Air Force Overseas Ribbon - Long Tour and the Air Force Longevity Service Ribbon. Subsequent awards of the ribbon are denoted by oak leaf clusters.

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Air Force Expeditionary Service Ribbon (AFESR) with Gold Border

  In April 2004, the SECAF approved authorizing a gold border to be worn on the Air Force Expeditionary Service Ribbon (AFESR) to represent participation in combat operations. Award of the gold border is authorized for wear on the AFESR by individuals who were engaged in conducting or supporting combat operations in a designated combat zone.
  A combat zone is defined as a geographic area designated by the president via executive order, or a qualified hazardous duty area in which a member is receiving imminent danger/hostile fire pay (IDP/HFP). Combat action is defined as when a member is subject to hostile fire, explosion or is engaged in employing lethal weapons (kinetic/non-kinetic).
  For award of the gold border members must be/have been assigned to an air expeditionary force (AEF) plan identification (PID) or on contingency exercise deployment (CED) orders and have been receiving IDP/HFP. Aircrew members who engage in combat action must be assigned on aeronautical orders in direct support of a combat zone.
  Prior to the award of the gold border, members must have met the eligibility requirement for award of the basic AFESR. The AFESR gold border may be awarded to current and former Air Force active duty, reserve, and guard personnel who since 1 Oct 99 meet the requirements of para 2 and 3.
  The time eligibility criteria for award of the basic AFESR (with gold border) can be waived if the member meets one of the following criteria:
  a. Be engaged in actual combat against the enemy and under circumstances involving grave danger of death or serious bodily injury from enemy actions.
  b. While participating in a designated operation, be killed, wounded or injured requiring medical evacuation from the combat zone;
  c. Be a regularly assigned crew member flying combat/combat support sorties into, out of, within or over a combat zone
  d. Employ a kinetic or non-kinetic weapon from outside the designated combat zone, in a combat operation.

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This page was last updated: January 9, 2009